Amaphilisi e-Omformin e-polycystic ovary syndrome Ingabe ukhona omunye umuthi kune-metformin?

UFatma Elbehery
2023-10-01T02:44:48+00:00
ulwazi oluvamile
UFatma ElbeheryIhlolwe ngu: Mostafa AhmedOkthoba 1, 2023Isibuyekezo sokugcina: ezinyangeni ezi-5 ezedlule

Amaphilisi e-Omformin e-polycystic ovary syndrome

Amaphilisi e-Omformin umuthi ojwayelekile osetshenziselwa ukwelapha inkinga ye-polycystic ovary syndrome. Lawa maphilisi aqukethe isithako esisebenzayo esibizwa nge-metformin, esiza ukulawula amazinga kashukela egazini futhi sithuthukise isimo samahomoni.

Nazi ezinye zezinzuzo zamaphilisi e-Omformin e-polycystic ovary syndrome:

  • Ukunciphisa amazinga e-insulin: Amaphilisi e-Omformin asiza ukwehlisa izinga le-insulin emzimbeni. Amazinga aphezulu e-insulin emzimbeni angase abe esinye sezizathu eziyinhloko zokuthuthukiswa kwe-polycystic ovary syndrome, ngakho-ke ukuthatha lawa maphilisi kusiza ukulawula nokunciphisa izinkinga ze-polycystic.
  • Ukulawula umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini: Abesifazane abahlushwa i-polycystic ovary syndrome bangase bahlupheke ngenxa yokuphazamiseka kokuya esikhathini, njengokuya esikhathini okungajwayelekile noma ukuphuma kwegazi. Amaphilisi e-Omformin asiza ukulawula umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini futhi athuthukise amathuba okukhulelwa.
  • Amazinga aphansi e-testosterone: Enye yezinkinga ezivamile kwabesifazane abaphethwe i-polycystic ovary syndrome ukwanda kwamazinga e-testosterone emzimbeni. Amaphilisi e-Omformin angasiza ekwehliseni amazinga ale hormone yesilisa futhi athuthukise isimo samahomoni sowesifazane.
  • Ukuthuthukisa isimo sesikhumba: Abanye besifazane abahlushwa i-polycystic ovary syndrome bahlushwa izinkinga zesikhumba njengezinduna nezinduna. Amaphilisi e-Omformin angasiza ukuthuthukisa isimo sesikhumba futhi anciphise izinkinga zesikhumba ezihlobene ne-polycystic ovary syndrome.

Uyini umthamo we-metformin ukwelapha i-polycystic ovary syndrome?

Amaphilisi e-metformin athandwa kakhulu ekwelapheni i-polycystic ovary syndrome. I-Polycystic ovary syndrome, isimo esibonakala ngokwakheka kwama-cysts amancane kuma-ovari, inkinga evamile ethinta abesifazane emhlabeni jikelele. Ukuncipha kwezimpawu kubangelwa izinzuzo ze-metformin, njengoba isiza ukubuyisela ibhalansi ye-hormonal futhi ithuthukise ukuzwela kwe-insulin. Kodwa ingabe uyazi ukuthi yisiphi isithako esilungile salo muthi? Ake sibuyekeze kancane izingqinamba ezihlobene nomthamo we-metformin ukwelapha i-polycystic ovary syndrome.

1. Gwema ukuphuza imithi ngaphandle kweseluleko sezokwelapha:
Abesifazane abahlushwa i-polycystic ovary syndrome akufanele bathathe i-metformin ngaphandle kokubonana nodokotela onguchwepheshe. Umthamo ofanele uncike esimweni sakho sezempilo ngasinye kanye nezidingo zakho ezikhethekile.

2. Umthamo wokuqala:
Odokotela ngokuvamile baqala ngokunikeza umthamo ophansi we-metformin futhi kancane kancane bawunyuse kuye ngokuthi umzimba wesiguli usabela kanjani. Umthamo wokuqala ngokuvamile u-500 kuya ku-850 mg ngosuku.

3. Umthamo wokulungisa:
Umthamo wesondlo uncike ekuphenduleni komuntu ngamunye kanye nezidingo zomzimba, kanti abanye besifazane badinga umthamo ophezulu we-metformin ukuze balawule izimpawu ze-PCOS. Odokotela basebenzela ukunquma umthamo ofanele ngokunembile.

4. Ukwandisa umthamo kancane kancane:
Lapho ukhulisa umthamo wakho we-metformin, kunconywa ukuthi ukwenze kancane kancane ukuvumela umzimba wakho ukuthi uvumelane nezinguquko. Umthamo omusha ungazanywa isikhashana ngaphambi kokuwunyusa futhi ngengxenye noma ingxenye yesithathu.

5. Umthamo omkhulu:
Ngokuvamile, umthamo omkhulu we-metformin usukela ku-1500 kuye ku-2000 mg ngosuku. Nokho, le nombolo ingahluka kuye ngesimo sesiguli nendlela esisabela ngayo ekwelashweni.

Ngaso sonke isikhathi landela iziqondiso zikadokotela wakho, futhi khumbula ukuthi impendulo yomuntu ngamunye emuthini iqondene nomuntu ngamunye. Uma uzwa noma yimiphi imiphumela emibi engadingeki ngenkathi usebenzisa umuthi, kufanele uthintane nodokotela ngokushesha. I-Metformin ingasiza ukulawula izimpawu ze-PCOS futhi ikhuthaze impilo yonke yabesifazane, kodwa umthamo ulungile

Uyini umthamo we-metformin ukwelapha i-polycystic ovary syndrome?

Kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani ukwelapha ama-cyst?

Ama-cysts angenye yezinkinga zezempilo ezijwayelekile ezibhekene nabesifazane, njengoba zithinta ama-ovari futhi zidale ukwakheka kwama-cysts agcwele uketshezi. Lesi simo sibhekwa njengembangela enkulu yokungakwazi ukukhulelwa, futhi kubangela izimpawu eziningi eziphazamisayo ezifana nobuhlungu besisu kanye nokuphazamiseka kwe-hormonal.

Abesifazane abanama-cyst badinga ukwelashwa okufanele ukuze kudambise izimpawu futhi kuvimbele ukuthi inkinga ingabi yimbi kakhulu. Nokho, isikhathi sokwelashwa esidingekayo siyahlukahluka kuye ngokuthi isimo sesiguli kanye nezinye izici. Nazi izinto ezimbalwa okufanele zicatshangelwe:

  1. Uhlobo lwama-cysts:
    • Kunezinhlobo eziningana zama-cysts atholakalayo, futhi ayahluka ngobukhulu bawo kanye nemiphumela emzimbeni. Amanye ama-cysts mancane futhi awabuhlungu, kuyilapho ama-cysts amakhulu futhi abuhlungu adinga ukwelashwa ngokushesha.
    • Indlela yokwelapha incike ohlotsheni lwama-cysts. Ukwelashwa kungase kuhlanganise ukuthatha imithi yokulawula amazinga e-hormone emzimbeni noma ukwenza ukuhlinzwa ukuze kukhishwe ama-cysts amakhulu.
  2. Izimpawu ezihambisanayo:
    • Ezinye iziguli ezinama-cyst ziba nezimpawu ezinzima ezifana nobuhlungu besisu obukhulu kanye nokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini. Lezi ziguli zihlushwa ukungalingani okukhulu kwama-hormone futhi zidinga ukwelashwa ngokushesha.
    • Ubude besikhathi sokwelashwa buphinde buncike ebukhulwini bezimpawu ezihambisana naso kanye nomthelela ezinawo empilweni yesiguli.
  3. Impendulo esuka ku treatment:
    • Umphumela wokwelashwa kuma-cysts uyahlukahluka komunye wesifazane kuya komunye. Ukwelashwa kungase kusebenze futhi kuholele ekuthuthukisweni okusheshayo kwabanye besifazane, kanti abanye bangadinga isikhathi eside ukuze babone imiphumela ebonakalayo.
    • Iziguli kumele zihambisane nemiyalelo kadokotela owelaphayo futhi zilandele ukudla okunconyiwe ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukusebenza kahle kokwelashwa.

Ngokuvamile, isikhathi sokwelashwa kwama-cyst sincike ezintweni ezibalwe ngenhla kanye nesimo sempilo yesiguli sonke. Kunconywa kakhulu ukubonisana nodokotela onguchwepheshe ukuze ahlole isimo sama-cysts futhi anqume uhlobo olufanele lokwelashwa. Ungakhohlwa ukuthi ukunaka ukudla okunempilo nokuzivocavoca nakho kungasiza ukuthuthukisa isimo sakho esijwayelekile.

Uthathwa kanjani umthamo we-metformin?

I-Metformin ingenye yemithi evamile esetshenziselwa ukwelapha isifo sikashukela sohlobo 2. Isebenza ngokuthuthukisa indlela umzimba osebenzisa ngayo i-insulini kanye nokunciphisa ukukhiqizwa kukashukela esibindini. Ukuze kuzuzwe inzuzo ephezulu ngokusetshenziswa kwe-metformin, umthamo oshiwo kufanele ulandelwe ngokunembile futhi nesikhathi sokuwuthatha kufanele sihlonishwe.

1. Xhumana nodokotela wakho noma usokhemisi:
Kufanele uqale uthintane nodokotela wakho ngaphambi kokuqala ukusebenzisa i-metformin, njengoba ezonquma umthamo ofanele nesikhathi sokuyithatha. Kungcono ukungashintshi umthamo noma isikhathi ngaphandle kokubonisana nodokotela wakho.

2. Landela umthamo oshiwo:
Lapho udokotela wakho ekunqumela umthamo we-metformin, kufanele uwulandele ngokuqinile, futhi ungaweqi noma unciphise ngokuya ngokubona kwakho. Ukuhlaziywa komthamo kuncike ezintweni eziningi ezinjengobudala, isimo sezempilo, nesizathu sokusebenzisa i-metformin.

3. Ukuthatha i-metformin nokudla:
Ukuthatha i-metformin kanye noma ngemva kokudla kungasiza ekugwemeni imiphumela engemihle engaba khona njengesicanucanu nesifo sohudo. Kungcono ukuthi ungathathi i-metformin esiswini esingenalutho. Uma umthamo wakho uphindwe kabili ngosuku, kungcono ukuwuthatha ngokudla okukhulu.

4. Ungalihlukanisi ithebhulethi ye-metformin:
Ithebhulethi ye-metformin kufanele ithathwe iphelele, futhi ingahlukaniswa, ichotshozwe, noma ichotshozwe. Ithuluzi lesayensi eliqukethwe ngethamo elilinganayo le-metformin lidluliselwa ngokuphelele ebuchosheni. Uma unenkinga yokugwinya ithebhulethi, thintana nodokotela wakho mayelana nezinye izindlela ongazisebenzisa.

5. Hlonipha isikhathi semithamo:
Kubalulekile ukuthatha i-metformin ngesikhathi esifanayo nsuku zonke. Kufanele ubeke umthamo wakho endaweni ebonakalayo nefinyeleleka kalula ukuze uzikhumbuze ukuwuthatha ngesikhathi. Ukuthatha i-metformin ngesikhathi esifanayo kungasiza ukulawula kangcono amazinga kashukela egazini.

6. Qhubeka nokusebenzisa i-metformin njengoba uyalelwe udokotela wakho:
Kufanele uqhubeke nokusebenzisa i-metformin njengoba kunconywe udokotela wakho, noma ngabe uzizwa ungcono ngokusobala esimweni sakho. Izinguquko kumthamo zingadingeka ngokuhamba kwesikhathi noma ngokubona kukadokotela wakho.

Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuthi lolu lwazi luvamile futhi imiyalelo yomthamo ingahluka kumuntu nomuntu. Ngakho-ke, kufanele uhlale uthintana nodokotela futhi ulandele izincomo zakhe mayelana nomthamo we-metformin. Uma uhlangabezana nezinkinga noma imiphumela emibi ngenkathi usebenzisa i-metformin, kufanele uxhumane nodokotela wakho ngokushesha.

Uthathwa kanjani umthamo we-metformin?

Ingabe i-metformin ithathwa ngaphambi noma ngemuva kokudla?

I-Metformin umuthi osetshenziselwa ukwelapha isifo sikashukela sohlobo 2. Lo muthi usebenza ngokuthuthukisa ukuzwela komzimba ku-insulin nokunciphisa ukukhiqizwa kweglucose esibindini. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kusiza ukuthuthukisa ukusetshenziswa komzimba kweglucose.

تناول الميتفورمين مع وجبة الطعام
توصي الإرشادات الطبية بتناول الميتفورمين مع الطعام للحصول على أقصى فائدة من الدواء وتقليل أي آثار جانبية. بالنسبة لمعظم الأشخاص، يفضل تناول الميتفورمين خلال أو بعد تناول الطعام.

Eqinisweni, ukuthatha i-metformin nokudla kusiza ukunciphisa imiphumela emibi engaba khona njengesicanucanu, ukuhlanza, kanye nesifo sohudo. Ukudla kungenza njengesithiyo esikhawulela ukumuncwa ngokushesha kwesidakamizwa esiswini, esiza ukunciphisa ukubukeka kwalezi zimpawu.

Kuthiwani uma ngingakudli ngaphambi kokuthatha i-metformin?
إذا قمت بتناول الميتفورمين قبل أو بعيدًا عن الطعام، قد تزداد احتمالية حدوث آثار جانبية مثل الغثيان والإسهال. لذا، إنه من المهم أن تحاول تجنب تناول الميتفورمين على معدة فارغة.

Uma ungakwazi ukudla ukudla ngaphambi kokuthatha i-metformin, ungakhathazeki. Ungathatha umuthi esiswini esingenalutho bese udla ukudla okulula maduze. Lokhu kuzoba nomthelela ekwehliseni izimpawu zokugaya ukudla.

Yiziphi izingozi ze-metformin?

I-Metformin ingenye yemithi ethandwa kakhulu esetshenziselwa ukwelapha isifo sikashukela sohlobo 2. Naphezu kwezinzuzo zayo ezaziwayo ekuthuthukiseni ushukela wegazi kanye nokunciphisa isisindo, kunezingozi ezingase zibe khona ezihlobene nalo muthi.

XNUMX. Izinkinga zokugaya ukudla:
Abanye abantu bangase babe nemiphumela emibi yokugaya ukudla lapho besebenzisa i-metformin, njengokucanuzela kwenhliziyo, ukuhlanza, ubuhlungu besisu, noma isifo sohudo. Lezi zimpawu zingase zinyamalale ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, kodwa zingase zicasule ekuqaleni. Uma lezi zimpawu ziqhubeka, isiguli kufanele siye kudokotela ukuze sixoxe ngesimo futhi silungise umthamo uma kunesidingo.

XNUMX. I-lactic acidity:
I-lactic acidosis ayivamile kodwa iyingozi uma i-metformin isetshenziswa ngemithamo ephezulu noma lapho kunezinkinga zezinso. Ukuphefumula noma ubuthakathaka bemisipha yizimpawu ezingenzeka zale nkinga. Uma kuvela noma iyiphi yalezi zimpawu, isiguli kufanele sibonane nodokotela ngokushesha.

XNUMX. Ukusebenzelana neminye imithi:
Kubalulekile ukuthi isiguli sazise udokotela waso nganoma yimiphi eminye imithi esiyithathayo, njengoba i-metformin ingase ihlangane neminye imithi futhi ithinte ukusebenza kwayo. Ukuqapha kufanele kuthathwe lapho uthatha imithi efana ne-digoxin noma imithi esetshenziselwa ukwelapha umfutho wegazi, futhi uxhumane nodokotela wakho ukuze ugweme noma yikuphi ukusebenzisana okungaba yingozi.

XNUMX. Izinkinga zezinso:
I-Metformin ichazwa njengephephile ukusetshenziswa kubantu abanenkinga yezinso, nokho, ukusebenza kwezinso kufanele kuhlolwe njalo. Uma izinga le-creatinine egazini likhuphuka, ukusetshenziswa kwe-metformin kufanele kuyekwe ukuze kugwenywe ukunqwabelana komuthi kanye nokwanda kwezinkinga zezinso.

XNUMX. Ukuzwela kwesikhumba:
I-Metformin ingabangela ukungezwani kwesikhumba kwabanye abantu, futhi imiphumela ihlanganisa ukuqubuka, ububomvu, nokuluma. Lapho kuvela noma yiziphi zalezi zimpawu, isiguli kufanele siye kudokotela, ukuze ahlole isimo kanye nesidingo sokuyeka ukusebenzisa i-metformin uma kunesidingo.

Yiziphi izingozi ze-metformin?

Ingabe i-metformin icindezela ukudla?

Nazi ezinye izizathu zokuthi kungani i-metformin ingacindezela isifiso sakho sokudla:

  1. Umthelela wawo emazingeni kashukela egazini: Ukwenyuka kwamazinga kashukela kungenye yezinto ezithinta isifiso sokudla kanye nesifiso sokudla. I-Metformin yaziwa ngokunciphisa amazinga kashukela egazini, esiza ukuvimbela lezo zifiso ezidlulele zokudla.
  2. Umthelela wayo kuma-hormone endlala nama-satiety: Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi i-metformin iguqula amanye amahomoni endlala nokusutha emzimbeni, njenge-adiponectin ne-leptin. Isibonelo, ukwenyuka kwamazinga e-adiponectin ngenxa yokuthatha i-metformin kunganciphisa isifiso sokudla futhi kukhuthaze ukusutha.
  3. Ukunciphisa isisindo: Kucatshangwa ukuthi kukhona ukuxhumana phakathi kokuncipha kwesisindo nokuncipha kwesifiso sokudla okuhambisana ne-metformin. Yize indlela yomphumela we-metformin ekwehleni kwesisindo ingaqondwa ngokugcwele, kunenkolelo yokuthi ingathuthukisa ukuzwela komzimba ku-insulin futhi ithuthukise inqubo yokushiswa kwamafutha, esiza ukulwa nokukhuluphala nokulawula isifiso sokudla.

Kodwa-ke, ochwepheshe baveza ukuthi umphumela we-metformin esuthi uyahluka phakathi kwabantu. Abanye abantu bangase bazizwe benciphile isifiso sokudla nokugcwala, kuyilapho abanye bengase bangezwa noma yimiphi imiphumela ebalulekile. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukubonana nodokotela ngaphambi kokuthatha noma yimiphi imithi, kuhlanganise ne-metformin, futhi uhlole ukuthi ingasetshenziswa kanjani ohlelweni lokulawula isisindo esinempilo.

Uyini umehluko phakathi kwe-metformin ne-glucophage?

Ingabe unesifo sikashukela futhi ufuna ukwelashwa okufanele? Kungenzeka ukuthi uke wezwa nge-metformin ne-Glucophage njengezindlela ezimbili zokwelapha ezidumile zesifo sikashukela. Kodwa yini umehluko phakathi kwabo? Kulesi sihloko uzothola impendulo egculisayo yalo mbuzo.

I-Metformin:

  • I-Metformin ingenye yezidakamizwa ze-antidiabetic ze-Biguanide.
  • Isebenza ngokuthuthukisa ukusetshenziswa komzimba kwe-insulin nokunciphisa ukumuncwa kukashukela emathunjini.
  • Isetshenziselwa ukulawula amazinga kashukela egazini futhi ithuthukise ukuzwela komzimba ku-insulin.
  • Kuthathwa njengokukhetha kokuqala kweziguli ezinesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2.
  • Kuyasiza ekwehliseni isisindo kanye nokwenza ngcono izinga lamafutha egazini.

I-Glucophage:

  • Ingenye yezinhlobo zezidakamizwa ze-sulfonylurea.
  • Isebenza ngokwandisa ukukhiqizwa kwe-insulin kuma-pancreas kanye nokunciphisa ukumuncwa kukashukela emathunjini.
  • Isetshenziselwa ukulawula izinga likashukela egazini.
  • Ingasetshenziswa njengomuthi owodwa noma ihlanganiswe neminye imithi yesifo sikashukela.
  • Isebenza ngempumelelo ezigulini ezingaphenduli kahle ku-metformin.

Ingabe ukhona omunye umuthi ongathatha i-metformin?

Ungase uzibuze ukuthi udinga yini enye imithi ye-metformin. Kulolu hlu, sizobuyekeza ezinye izindlela ezibaluleke kakhulu ezitholakalayo nezisetshenziswa ekwelapheni isifo sikashukela.

  1. I-Fenugreek (i-Trigonella foenum-graceum):
    • I-Fenugreek isetshenziswe njengokwelashwa kwendabuko kwesifo sikashukela amakhulu eminyaka.
    • Iqukethe izinto zemvelo ezingasiza ekwehliseni amazinga kashukela egazini futhi ithuthukise ukuzwela kwe-insulin.
    • Ungathatha i-fenugreek ngendlela ye-powder exutshwe emanzini wetiye, noma ungayithenga ngendlela yama-capsules.
  2. I-Neem (Azadirachta Indica):
    • I-Neem isihlahla esisetshenziswa emithini yesintu ukwelapha isifo sikashukela.
    • Iyaziwa ngezindawo zayo zokulwa nokuvuvukala kanye nokulawula amazinga kashukela egazini.
    • Amaqabunga e-Neem angasetshenziswa ngendlela yesiraphu noma amaphilisi atholakala emakethe.
  3. I-Metformin (Glucophage, Cidophag nabanye):
    • I-Metformin iyisidakamizwa sokuqala esisetshenziselwa ukwelapha isifo sikashukela.
    • Kunezinye izindlela zokuhweba ezimbalwa kulo muthi, njengeGlucophage neCidophag.
    • Le mithi iqukethe isithako esisebenzayo esifanayo futhi isetshenziselwa inhloso efanayo.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi akukho ukwelashwa kwesifo sikashukela okufanele wonke umuntu, futhi ukukhethwa kwemithi kuncike ekuxilongweni kwesimo kanye nezidingo zomuntu ogulayo. Kungase kube nemithi eminingana nezinhlelo zokwelapha ezifanela abantu ngokuhlukile. Kuhlale kunconywa ukuthi uthintane nodokotela wakho ukuze uqinisekise ezinye izindlela ezifanele futhi wazi ukuthi zisifanela kanjani isimo sakho sezempilo kanye nomlando wezokwelapha.

Ingabe i-metformin iyasiza ekulawuleni umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini?

Ingabe i-metformin iyasiza ekulawuleni umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini?

Umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini ubalulekile empilweni yowesifazane, futhi abanye besifazane bangase babe nobunzima bokulawula ukujikeleza kwabo kokuya esikhathini. I-Polycystic ovary syndrome kanye nokungalingani kwamahomoni omzimba kungase kubangele ukuntuleka kwe-ovulation kanye nomjikelezo ovamile wokuya esikhathini. Lapha kuza indima ye-metformin, ethathwa njengomuthi owusizo wokuthuthukisa impilo yabesifazane nokulawula amahomoni abo.

Ezimweni eziningi, i-metformin isetshenziselwa ukwelapha i-polycystic ovary syndrome futhi ithuthukise umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini kanye ne-ovulation. I-Metformin isiza ukulawula amazinga e-insulin egazini, esiza ukubuyisela ibhalansi ye-hormone futhi ivuse i-ovulation.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-metformin kucatshangwa ukuthi ithuthukisa ukukhiqizwa kwe-androgens noma i-testosterone kuma-ovari. Lokhu kusiza ekuthuthukiseni ukusebenza kwe-ovarian nokuhlela kabusha umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini. Ngakho-ke, i-metformin ingasiza ekwenyuseni izinga lokuzala kwabesifazane abanenkinga yokuya esikhathini.

Kodwa-ke, kufanele sisho ukuthi i-metformin ayilona iphilisi eliwumlingo futhi ayithathwa njengokwelapha ukukhuluphala noma ezinye izici ezingase zithinte umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini. Abanye besifazane bangase baphathwe yimiphumela engemihle engase ihlanganise isicanucanu noma ukuphazamiseka kokugaya ukudla, ngakho kufanele kukhulunywe nodokotela ngaphambi kokuyithatha.

Abesifazane abanenkinga yokuya esikhathini bangase bazuze ngokuthatha i-metformin, kodwa ngaso sonke isikhathi kutuswa ukuthi uthintane nodokotela onguchwepheshe ngaphambi kokuthatha noma yimuphi umuthi. Isimo kufanele sitholakale ngokuqiniseka futhi kunqunywe umthamo ofanele kanye nesikhathi sokusetshenziswa kwe-metformin.

Imiphumela emibi kanye nezixwayiso mayelana ne-metformin

Sizogqamisa imiphumela emibi engaba khona ye-metformin, engenzeka kwabanye abantu abaphuza lo muthi. Sizophinde sinikeze izexwayiso ezibalulekile mayelana nokusetshenziswa kwe-metformin.

  1. Izinga likashukela egazini eliphansi:
    Ushukela wegazi ophansi (i-hypoglycemia) kungenzeka lapho uthatha i-metformin. Abantu abathatha i-metformin kufanele baqaphele ukugwema lesi simo. Uma uhlangabezana nezimpawu ezinjengokukhathala okukhulu, isiyezi, nokujuluka ngokweqile, kufanele udle ucezu lukashukela noma uxhumane nodokotela wakho ngokushesha.
  2. Izinkinga zokugaya ukudla:
    Umphumela ovamile we-metformin yizinkinga zokugaya ukudla, njengesicanucanu, isifo sohudo, nobuhlungu besisu. Ukuze unciphise ubunzima balezi zimpawu, umuthi ungaphuzwa ngokudla noma ngokushesha ngemva kokudla.
  3. Ukuzwela kwesikhumba:
    Abanye abantu bangase babe nokungezwani komzimba ne-metformin, njengokuqubuka, ukulunywa, nokuba bomvu kwesikhumba. Uma kuvela noma iyiphi yalezi zimpawu, isiguli kufanele siyeke ukuthatha imithi futhi sithinte udokotela ngokushesha.
  4. Imiphumela emibi engavamile:
    Yize kungavamile, ezinye iziguli zingaba neminye imiphumela emibi nge-metformin. Lezi zimpawu ezingavamile zingase zihlanganise isicanucanu esinzima, ukuhlanza okukhulu, ubuhlungu besisu, nokungathandi ukudla. Uma kwenzeka noma iyiphi yalezi zimpawu, kufanele uxhumane nodokotela wakho ngokushesha.

Imuphi umuthi oqeda i-polycystic ovary syndrome?

I-Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) iyinkinga evamile yezempilo ethinta abesifazane abaseminyakeni yokuzala. Lokhu kuphazamiseka kwe-hormonal kuholela ekwakhiweni kwama-cysts amancane ku-ovary okuvimbela ukufihla amaqanda ngokujwayelekile. Abesifazane abaningi bahlushwa izimpawu ze-polycystic ovary syndrome, njengokuya esikhathini okungajwayelekile nokwanda kwamahomoni wesilisa.

Nakuba lingekho ikhambi eliqondile lale nkinga, kuneminye imithi engasetshenziswa ukulawula izimpawu nokuthuthukisa impilo yonke. Phakathi kwale mithi sithola:

  1. I-Metformin: I-Metformin ingenye yemithi ejwayelekile kakhulu yokwelapha i-polycystic ovary syndrome. Lo muthi uthuthukisa ukusabela komzimba ku-insulin futhi wehlise amazinga kashukela egazini. I-Metformin ingase futhi isize ukuthuthukisa amazinga e-hormone yokuzala futhi ikhulule izimpawu ezihlobene ne-PCOS.
  2. Izidakamizwa ezilawula amahomoni: Ukusetshenziswa kwezidakamizwa ezilawula amahomoni njengamaphilisi okuvimbela inzalo nokunye okuphuma kumahomoni kuyinketho evamile yokulawula izimpawu ezihambisana nesifo se-polycystic ovary. Le mithi ilawula umjikelezo wokuya esikhathini futhi inciphisa iphesenti lamahomoni wesilisa emzimbeni.
  3. Imithi yokusiza: Eminye imithi ingasetshenziswa njengendlela yokwelapha i-adjuvant yezinkinga ezihlobene nama-ovarian cysts, njengezidakamizwa ezisiza ukunciphisa amazinga amahomoni wesilisa njenge-androgens, noma ama-enzyme inhibitors aguqula amahomoni wesilisa abe ngabesifazane.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kwale mithi kufanele kube ngaphansi kokuqondisa kukadokotela owelaphayo futhi ngokuhambisana nokuxilongwa okunembile kwesimo sesiguli. Udokotela onguchwepheshe kufanele abonane naye ngaphambi kokuqala noma yikuphi ukwelashwa ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi kufanelekile futhi kuphephile esimweni sezempilo somuntu ngamunye.

Akungabazeki ukuthi i-polycystic ovary syndrome ingathinta impilo yesikhathi eside, futhi lezi zimo zingadinga ukuphathwa okuphelele nokuqondene nomuntu. Ngaphezu kokwelashwa kwezidakamizwa, kungaba nenzuzo ekushintsheni kwendlela yokuphila njengokulandela ukudla okunempilo kanye nokuvivinya umzimba njalo.

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