Ubisi olungcono kakhulu lwezingane ezingezwani nokudla, futhi yini umehluko phakathi kokungezwani nobisi kanye nokungezwani ne-lactose?

U-Mohamed Sharkawy
2023-08-28T14:39:35+00:00
ulwazi oluvamile
U-Mohamed SharkawyIhlolwe ngu: Kwenze kuhleAgasti 28, 2023Isibuyekezo sokugcina: ezinyangeni ezi-6 ezedlule

Ubisi olungcono kakhulu lwezingane ezinokungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile

Uma ingane ingezwani nobisi, kuyadingeka ukukhetha uhlobo olufanele lobisi olufaka isandla ekugwemeni ukungezwani komzimba. Kulesi sihloko, sizobuyekeza ezinye zezinhlobo ezinhle kakhulu zobisi lwezingane ezinobisi olungezwani nobisi:

  1. I-Kabrita Gold Baby Milk No. (3)
    • Ifomula yomntwana eklanyelwe ngokukhethekile izingane ezingezwani nobisi lwenkomo.
    • Amaprotheni akule fomula ahlukaniswa abe izingcezu ezincane ukusiza ukugaya okungcono nokwandisa ukubekezelelana.
    • Ifika ngosayizi we-400g.
  2. I-Primalac: I-Primalac CM
    • Ifomula yosana ilungele izingane ezingezwani nobisi.
    • Isebenza ukunikeza izilinganiso zokudla okunomsoco ezifanele ukukhula kwengane.
    • Ifanele ukusetshenziswa kusukela enyangeni eyodwa kuya eminyakeni emibili ubudala.
  3. Milupa ubisi
    • Ubisi olusha lwezingane ezihlushwa ukungezwani nobisi.
    • Ifaka ifomula eyingqayizivele equkethe amaprotheni agaywe kahle futhi aphukile.
    • Ithuthukisa ukugaya futhi inciphise amathuba okungezwani komzimba.
Ubisi olungcono kakhulu lwezingane ezinokungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile

Uyini umehluko phakathi kokungezwani nobisi nokungabekezelelani kwe-lactose?

Ukungezwani nobisi nokungabekezelelani kwe-lactose yizinkinga ezihlobene nokusetshenziswa kwemikhiqizo yobisi. Nakuba behlanganyela izimpawu ezithile, banomehluko obalulekile. Kulolu hlu oluhlanganisiwe, sizobuyekeza umehluko obaluleke kakhulu phakathi kokungezwani nobisi nokungabekezelelani kwe-lactose.

  1. Ukubangela
  • Ukungezwani nobisi: Imbangela yokungezwani nobisi ngenxa yamasosha omzimba, njengoba iphrotheni etholakala obisini lwenkomo (“casein”) kanye nokuphuma kwayo kubhekwa njengento evuselelayo ekuthinteni amasosha omzimba.
  • Ukungabekezelelani kweLactose: Ukungabekezelelani kwe-lactose kubangelwa ukuntuleka kwe-enzyme lactase ohlelweni lokugaya ukudla, ephathelene nokugaya nokumuncwa kwe-lactose etholakala obisini nasemikhiqizo yobisi.
  1. Imiphumela engokomzimba
  • Ukungezwani nobisi: Ukungezwani nobisi kungase kubangele izimpawu ezihlukahlukene zomzimba, njengokuqubuka kwesikhumba, ukuphefumula kanzima, isicanucanu, nokuhlanza.
  • Ukungabekezelelani kwe-Lactose: Ukungabekezelelani kwe-lactose kubangela izimpawu ezifana nalezo zokungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile, njengobuhlungu besisu, ukuqunjelwa, nesifo sohudo.
  1. Ukuxilongwa kwesimo
  • Ukungezwani nobisi: Ukungezwani nobisi kungatholakala ngokuhlola amasosha omzimba ephrotheni esegazini, noma ngokusabela ekuhlolweni kokubekezelela ubisi.
  • Ukungabekezelelani kwe-Lactose: Ukungabekezelelani kwe-lactose kungatholakala ngokuthi “I-Hydrogen Breath Test”, lapho umuntu enikezwa inani elithile le-lactose futhi izinga le-hydrogen emphefumulweni liyalinganiswa ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuba khona kokungalingani ohlelweni lokugaya ukudla.
  1. Ukwelashwa nezinyathelo
  • Ukungezwani nobisi: Ukwelashwa kwenziwa ngokuqeda umuntu othintekile ekudleni imikhiqizo yobisi ngokuphelele.
  • Ukungabekezelelani kweLactose: Ukwelashwa kuwukugwema ukudla imikhiqizo enenani elikhulu le-lactose, noma ngokusebenzisa izithasiselo zokugaya ukudla ezine-lactase ukusiza uhlelo lokugaya ukudla.

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi ingane yami inenkinga yokungezwani nobisi?

I-allergy yobisi ingenye yezifo ezivame kakhulu ezinganeni. Kungase kube nzima ukunquma ukuthi ingane yakho inenkinga yokungezwani nobisi noma cha, ngakho kulesi sihloko sizokunikeza uhlu lwezimpawu nezimpawu ezingase zibonise ukuba khona kokungezwani nobisi enganeni yakho.

  1. Ukuqubuka kwesikhumba: Abazali bangase babone ukuqubuka kwesikhumba somntwana, esibonakala ngokuba bomvu, ukucasuka, nokuluma. Ukuqubuka kungase kubonakale ezindaweni ezihlukahlukene zomzimba ezifana nobuso, isifuba, izingalo, nendawo ye-diaper.
  2. Izimpawu zokuphefumula: Ezinye izingane ezingezwani nobisi zingase zibe nezimpawu zokuphefumula, ezinjengobunzima bokuphefumula nokuphefumula. Uma ubona noma yiziphi izinguquko endleleni yokuphefumula yengane yakho ngemva kokudla ubisi noma imikhiqizo yobisi, lokhu kungase kubonise ukungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile.
  3. Ukuvuvukala kobuso, izindebe, namehlo: Ukuvuvukala kobuso, izindebe, nezindawo zamehlo kungase kwenzeke ezinganeni ezingezwani nobisi. Uma ubona noma yiziphi izinguquko ekubukeni kobuso bengane yakho, lokhu kungase kube uphawu lokungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile.
  4. Izinkinga zokugaya ukudla: Ingane yakho engezwani nobisi ingase ibe nezinkinga zokugaya ukudla ezifana nesifo sohudo, ubuhlungu besisu, nokuhlanza. Uma ubona ukuthi ingane yakho iba nalezi zimpawu ngemva kokudla ubisi noma imikhiqizo yobisi, lokhu kungase kubonise ukungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile.
Ngazi kanjani ukuthi ingane yami inenkinga yokungezwani nobisi?

Ukungezwani nobisi kuphelela nini ezinganeni?

Ukungezwani nobisi ezinganeni kuyisimo esivamile nesicasulayo, futhi abazali bangase bakhathazeke ngokuthi kuzoqhubeka isikhathi eside kangakanani ezinganeni zabo. Kulesi sihloko, sizobheka ukuthi ukungezwani nobisi kungaphela nini ezinganeni.

I-allergy yobisi iyinkinga yokugaya i-lactose (ushukela otholakala obisini kanye nezinto eziphuma kulo) futhi kubangelwa ukusabela okungavamile kwamasosha omzimba kumaphrotheni atholakala obisini. Izimpawu ezinjengobuhlungu besisu, isifo sohudo, nokuhlanza zingase zenzeke lapho udla ubisi noma okuphuma kulo.

Ubude besikhathi sokungezwani nobisi ezinganeni buyahlukahluka kuye kwesinye, kodwa kunolunye ulwazi olulinganiselwe mayelana nalokhu:

  1. Esenonyaka owodwaKwezinye izingane, isimo sabo singathuthuka kancane kancane phakathi nonyaka wokuqala wokuphila. Ukungezwani nobisi kunganyamalala ngokwakho ezinganeni ezingaphezu kuka-70% kulesi sigaba.
  2. Kuze kube iminyaka emithathuEzinye izingane zingase ziqhubeke nokungezwani nobisi zize zibe neminyaka emithathu ubudala. Ngemva konyaka owodwa, abazali bangase babone ukuthuthukiswa kancane kancane emandleni omntwana okubekezelela ubisi neminye imikhiqizo equkethe i-lactose.
  3. Iminyaka eyisithuphaEzimweni eziningi, izingane zikhula ngaphezu kokungezwani nobisi lapho zineminyaka eyisithupha. Ezinye izingane zingase ziqhubeke nokungezwani nobisi olulinganiselwe kuze kube yilesi sikhathi.
  4. Umphumela wokugugaNgokocwaningo lwakamuva lwaseMelika, ukwanda kokungezwani nobisi kuyehla njengoba izingane zikhula. Ikakhulukazi, njengoba uthuthuka kusukela ebuntwaneni kuya ekuqaleni kwengane futhi sekwephuzile, ukwehla kwesigameko sokungezwani nobisi kungase kubonakale.

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi ubisi lwengane yami alumfanele?

Inkinga yefomula yezingane engafanele ingenye yezinto ezikhathaza omama. Ngezinye izikhathi, ingane ingase ibe nobunzima bokugaya ubisi oluthile noma ingase ibe nokusabela okungekuhle kulo. Ngakho-ke, umama kufanele aqaphe futhi aqaphele noma yiziphi izimpawu ezibonisa ukuthi ubisi aluyifanele ingane yakhe. Kulesi sihloko, sizobuyekeza ezinye zezimpawu ezingabonisa ukuthi ubisi aluyifanele ingane yakho.

  1. Indle ewuketshezi negazi esitulweni:
    Uma ubona ukuthi indle yengane yakho inoketshezi oluningi futhi iqukethe igazi, lokhu kungase kube uphawu lokuthi ayilubekezeleli ubisi lwebhodlela. I-Liquid Stool kanye nokuba khona kwegazi kubhekwa njengesibonakaliso esiphuthumayo, futhi kufanele uthintane nodokotela ngokushesha.
  2. Igesi elivamile:
    Uma uqaphela ukuthi ingane yakho ihlale ihlushwa igesi eningi engakhululekile, lokhu kungase kubonise ukuthi ubisi lwefomula aluthathayo alumfanele. Izingxenye zokudla okunomsoco obisini zingabangela ukucasuka ohlelweni lokugaya umntwana futhi ngaleyo ndlela zandise ukwakheka kwegesi.
  3. I-flatulence:
    Uma uqaphela ukuthi isisu somntwana wakho sihlala sivuvukele futhi sihlakazekile, lokhu kungase kusho ukuthi ubisi lwefomula alufanele isimiso sakhe sokugaya ukudla. Lokhu kungase kube umphumela wokungakwazi komntwana ukugaya kahle izingxenye zokudla.
  4. Ukushintsha ukuvumelana kwesitulo:
    Uma ubona ukushintsha kokungaguquguquki kwendle, njengohudo olungapheli noma ukuqunjelwa okungapheli, kungase kube ukuthi ingane yakho ayikubekezeleli ubisi lwebhodlela. Kufanele uqaphe lezi zinguquko futhi ukhulume nodokotela uma ziqhubeka isikhathi eside.
  5. Ukuzizwa ungakhululekile futhi ukhala kakhulu:
    Umntwana angase azizwe engakhululekile, ecindezelekile, futhi akhale kakhulu lapho ephuza ubisi olungalungile. Lokhu kungase kuhambisane nokushintsha kwephethini yokuphefumula nomsindo wokukhala. Uma uqaphela lezi zimpawu, kungase kube ngcono ukuzama olunye uhlobo lwefomula.

Lithini igama lokuhlolwa kokungezwani nobisi?

  1. Ukuhlaziywa kokungezwani namaprotheni obisi:
    Ukuhlaziywa kokungezwani komzimba namaprotheni obisi kuwukuhlola okusetshenziselwa ukuhlonza ukungezwani komzimba nezinto ezihambisana nama-antigen obisi, njengeprotein ye-casein ne-beta-lactoglobulin. Lokhu kuhlola kwenziwa ngokukala izinga lamasosha omzimba ahlobene namaprotheni obisi, njenge-immunoglobulin E (IgE). Lokhu kuhlaziya kulungele ukuxilonga izimo zokungezwani nekhofi kweqiniso.
  2. Ukuhlolwa kokubekezelela i-Lactose:
    Uma isiguli sinenkinga yokugaya i-lactose, ushukela otholakala emikhiqizweni yobisi, ukuhlolwa kokubekezelela i-lactose kusetshenziselwa ukuxilonga ukungabekezelelani kwe-lactose. Lokhu kuhlola kuhilela ukunikeza inani elithile le-lactose esigulini, bese kulinganiswa izinga lamagesi (njenge-hydrogen) emphefumulweni noma egazini ngemva kwesikhathi esithile. Uma amazinga aphezulu, lokhu kubonisa ukungabekezelelani kwe-lactose.
  3. Ukuhlaziywa kokuhlolwa kwe-Immunoglobulin E:
    Ukuhlolwa kwe-IgE kungase futhi kusetshenziselwe ukuxilonga ukungezwani namaprotheni obisi. Lokhu kuhlola kukala izinga lamasosha omzimba e-immunoglobulin E (IgE) egazini. Uma kukhona ukwanda kwezinga le-IgE, lokhu kungase kubonise ukungezwani namaprotheni obisi. Lokhu kuhlola kuvame ukusetshenziselwa ukuxilonga nezinye izinto ezingezwani nokudla ukudla.
  4. Ukuhlolwa kwesikhumba:
    Ukuhlola ukuhlaba kwesikhumba okunye ukuhlola okusetshenziselwa ukuxilonga ukungezwani namaprotheni obisi. Kulokhu kuhlolwa, isikhumba sosana siyagwazwa futhi sichayeke emananini amancane amaprotheni obisi. Uma noma yiziphi izinguquko zokungezwani komzimba zibonwa esikhumbeni, njengokubomvu noma ukuvuvukala, lokhu kubonisa ukungezwani kumaprotheni obisi.
  5. Igazi lemilingo ekuhlaziyeni indle:
    Igazi lemilingo ekuhlolweni kwendle lingase futhi lisetshenziswe ukuxilonga ukungezwani namaprotheni obisi. Lokhu kuhlola kusetshenziselwa ukuthola ukuba khona kwegazi lemimoya esitulweni, okungenzeka kubangelwe ukucasuka kwamathumbu okuhlobene nokungezwani nobisi.
Lithini igama lokuhlolwa kokungezwani nobisi?

Izindlela ezihlukile zalabo abangezwani nobisi?

Uma ingane yakho ingezwani nobisi, kungase kudingeke ufune ezinye izindlela ezifanele ukuze uhlangabezane nezidingo zayo zokudla okunomsoco. Kunezinketho ezimbalwa zemvelo nezinempilo ezingaba enye indlela enhle kunobisi. Nazi ezinye izindlela ongazicabangela:

  1. Ubisi lwe-alimondi:
    Ubisi lwe-alimondi lungolunye lwezinhlobo zobisi ezithandwa kakhulu. Iphansi kuma-allergener futhi iyisinqumo esifanele kulabo abanenkinga yokungezwani ne-lactose. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ubisi lwe-alimondi lucebile ngezakhi ezibalulekile ezifana ne-calcium, amavithamini namaprotheni.
    Qaphela ukuthi kufanele uthenge ubisi lwe-alimondi oluqiniswe nge-calcium uma isidingo sengane yakho sale mineral sibalulekile.
  2. Ubisi lwesoya:
    Ubisi lwesoya luyindlela ethandwayo yobisi, ikakhulukazi kulabo abadinga ubisi lwe-lactose kanye nobisi olungenalo ubisi. Ubisi lwesoya lugcwele amaprotheni ne-calcium, futhi lucebile kwamanye amavithamini namaminerali. Ubisi lwesoya lungasetshenziswa ukulungisa izitsha neziphuzo eziningi ezinempilo.
  3. ubisi lukakhukhunathi:
    Uma ingane yakho iguliswa ubisi lwenkomo, ubisi lukakhukhunathi lungaba enye indlela efanelekile. Iqukethe amaprotheni amaningi kanye ne-fibre, futhi inothe ngamafutha anempilo akhuthaza ukukhula nokuthuthuka komzimba. Ungase ufune ukusebenzisa ubisi lukakhukhunathi ekuphekeni noma ekulungiseni amajusi nama-smoothies.
  4. Ubisi lwe-oat:
    Ubisi lwe-oat lungenye indlela esikhundleni sobisi, futhi luwukhetho olunomsoco futhi olunempilo ezinganeni zakho. Ngaphezu kokucebile nge-calcium, ubisi lwe-oat luqukethe i-fiber, amaprotheni namanye amaminerali athuthukisa impilo yomzimba wengane. Ubisi lwe-oat lungasetshenziswa ukulungisa ukudla kwasekuseni okuhlukahlukene, njenge-oatmeal namajusi aluhlaza.

Iluphi ubisi olungenayo i-lactose?

  1. Ubisi olungenayo i-lactose:
  • Kuyisinqumo esihle sobisi oluvamile kulabo abanenkinga yokungezwani ne-lactose, njengoba lolu hlobo lobisi lungenayo i-lactose, okuwuhlobo lukashukela.
  • Ubisi olungenayo i-lactose lukhiqizwa ngokufaka i-lactase obisini lwenkomo.Le nto isiza ukuphula i-lactose futhi yenze kube lula ukugaya.
  • Lolu bisi luqukethe imisoco efanayo nobisi oluvamile, okulwenza lube ngenye indlela enempilo nephephile kulabo abangezwani ne-lactose.
  1. Ubisi lwe-alimondi:
  • Ubisi lwe-alimondi futhi luyinketho enempilo futhi luyindlela enhle yobisi oluqukethe i-lactose.
  • Ubisi lwe-alimondi lunokunambitheka okuncane kwe-alimondi kanye nokunambitheka okumnandi, futhi kulula ukugayeka ukuze ujabulele izinzuzo zobisi ngaphandle kokuphatheka kabi.
  • Ubisi lwe-alimondi luqukethe izakhi eziningi ezizuzisayo, njengefayibha, amaprotheni, amavithamini namaminerali.
  1. Ubisi lwesoya:
  • Ubisi lwe-soy lungenye yezinhlobo ezidume kakhulu zobisi olungenayo i-lactose.
  • Kunconywa ukuthi uthenge ubisi lwesoya oluphilayo futhi uhlale kude nemikhiqizo eguqulwe izakhi zofuzo, njengoba kubhekwa njengokuyingozi empilweni.
  • Ubisi lwesoya luqukethe amaprotheni, ama-fatty acids abalulekile, i-calcium novithamini D, okwenza kube ukukhetha okunempilo nokunothe izakhamzimba.
  1. Ubisi lwenkomo oluphilayo:
  • Iwukuphela kobisi emakethe olungenayo i-lactose.
  • Lolu bisi lukhiqizwa ezinkomeni ezikhuliswe etshanini obuphilayo, okwenza bungabi nawo amakhemikhali namahomoni angeziwe.
  • Ubisi lwemvelo luqukethe amavithamini, amaminerali kanye namaprotheni anomthelela empilweni nasekukhuleni komzimba.
Iluphi ubisi olungenayo i-lactose?

Ifomula yengane engcono kakhulu ifana nobisi lwebele

Ubisi lwebele luwukudla okungcono kakhulu kwezinsana, kodwa kunezikhathi lapho usana lungase kudingeke lusebenzise ubisi olungumgubo. Lokhu kungase kube ngenxa yokungatholakali okwanele kobisi lwebele noma izizathu zezokwelapha. Kulokhu, ubisi olungcono kakhulu lokufakelwa olufana nobisi lwebele lungakhethwa.

Kunemikhiqizo eminingi etholakalayo emakethe ethi ifana nobisi lwebele. Kulesi sihloko, sizobuyekeza ezinye zezinhlobo ezinhle kakhulu zefomula yezingane ezifana nezingxenye kanye nezinzuzo zobisi lwebele.

  1. Iqhawe Baby:

I-Hero Baby inikeza izinhlobo eziningi zemikhiqizo yefomula yezingane, okuhlanganisa i-Aptamil 1, 2 noma 3. Lawa mafomula afana nobisi lwebele ekunikezeni umsoco ophelele kanye ne-fiber yokudla ezinganeni.

  1. Nutravia Defense:

Omunye umkhiqizo okufanele uzame ubisi lwe-Hero Baby's Nutra Defense, olususelwa obisini lwenkomo futhi luqiniswe ngensimbi. Lolu bisi lunikeza amakholori angama-70 ngamamililitha ayi-100 esixazululo, okuqinisekisa ukuhlinzekwa kwamandla adingekayo ekukhuleni okunempilo komntwana.

  1. Ubisi lwelayisi:

Ubisi lwelayisi luyisinqumo esihle ezinganeni ezinenkinga yokungezwani ne-lactose noma ukungabekezelelani amaprotheni obisi lwenkomo. Ubisi lwelayisi luqukethe ubisi olunempilo nolunomsoco olwakhelwe ngokukhethekile ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukukhula okunempilo nokuthuthukiswa kwezinsana.

Nakuba lezi zinhlobo zamafomula ezinsana zinikeza amafomula afana nobisi lwebele, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi alikho ifomula elifana ncamashi nobisi lwebele ngokunambitha. Kodwa-ke, le mikhiqizo inikeza ukwakheka okulinganiselayo nokondleka okuhlangabezana nezidingo zezingane futhi kukhuthaze ukukhula kwazo okunempilo.

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukhetha I-Hero Baby, Nutra Defense, noma I-Rice Milk, amafomula abo anomsoco azosiza ekunikezeni izingane ezisanda kuzalwa ukudla okunempilo. Kodwa kungcono ukubonana nodokotela wezingane ngaphambi kokwenza noma yisiphi isinqumo mayelana nokusebenzisa ubisi lwefomula.

Ithebula:

uphawu lokuhwebaumkhiqizoizinzuzo
Iqhawe mntanamiUbisi lwe-Aptamil 1, 2 no-3 (aptamil XNUMX, XNUMX noma XNUMX)Nikeza ukudla okuphelele kanye ne-fiber yokudla
Iqhawe mntanamiNutra DefenseIthathwe obisini lwenkomo futhi iqiniswe ngensimbi
Ubisi lwelayisi-Ifanele izingane ezinokungezwani ne-lactose kanye nokungabekezelelani kwamaprotheni obisi lwenkomo

Shiya amazwana

ikheli lakho le-imeyili ngeke lishicilelwe.Izinkambu eziyisibopho zikhonjiswa ngu *