Indlela yokusebenzisa isicishamlilo futhi uvame kangakanani ukusebenzisa isicishamlilo?

U-Mohamed Sharkawy
2023-09-09T14:49:38+00:00
ulwazi oluvamile
U-Mohamed SharkawyIhlolwe ngu: Islam SalahSepthemba 9, 2023Isibuyekezo sokugcina: ezinyangeni ezi-6 ezedlule

Indlela yokusebenzisa isicishamlilo

Izinyathelo zokusebenzisa isicishamlilo:

  1. Hlola indawo efanele:
    Ngaphambi kokusebenzisa isicishamlilo, kufanele uqinisekise ukuthi sisesimweni esifanele futhi siyatholakala futhi silungele ukusetshenziswa.
    Kufanele futhi uqinisekise ukuthi usuku lokuphelelwa yisikhathi kwesicisha alukaphelelwa yisikhathi.
  2. Phatha isicisha-mlilo ngendlela efanele:
    Umuntu osebenzisa isicishamlilo kufanele asiphathe ngesibambo esikhethelwe le njongo kuphela.
    Kufanele ugweme ukuphatha isicisha-mlilo ngaphandle kwesibambo esiqokiwe, njengoba indawo engaphezulu ingashisa.
  3. Isiqondiso nesiqondiso:
    Lapho ucisha umlilo usebenzisa isicisha-mlilo, kufanele uqondiswe ngendlela efanele emthonjeni womlilo.
    I-hose eguquguqukayo kufanele isetshenziselwe ukuqondisa ukugeleza kwamanzi noma izinto ezingavuthiwe zokulwa nomlilo ngokuqondile nangokuqinile ngasemlilweni.
  4. Ukucindezela i-lever yokusebenza:
    Ngemva kokuqondisa isicishamlilo ngasemlilweni, i-lever yokusebenza kusicisha-mlilo kufanele icindezelwe ngokuqinile futhi iqine, ukuze ijikeleze ngamandla ukugeleza kwezinto zokucima umlilo phezu komlilo.
  5. Ukuhambisa ipayipi:
    Ukuqinisekisa ukumbozwa kahle komlilo, ipayipi kufanele lihanjiswe kancane futhi ngokungaguquki ngokunyakaza kwe-lateral, ukuze indawo enkulu yomlilo imbozwe futhi icime ngokuphumelelayo.

Ukubaluleka kokuba nesicishamlilo:
Akungabazeki ukuthi ukuba nesicisha-mlilo ekhaya, ehhovisi, noma emotweni kubaluleke kakhulu, njengoba kungasindisa ukuphila futhi kunciphise ukulahlekelwa kwezinto ezibonakalayo ngenxa yomlilo.
Ngakho-ke, wonke umuntu kufanele aqaphele ukubaluleka kokuba nale divayisi nokwazi ukuthi isebenza kanjani futhi iyisebenzise ngendlela efanele.
Idatha eku-inthanethi isinikeze umbono ophelele wendlela yokusebenzisa isicishamlilo nokubaluleka kwaso, futhi singaphetha kulokhu ukuthi ulwazi olujulile lokusebenzisa kahle lolu cingo luzodlala indima ebalulekile ekunciphiseni izigameko zomlilo kanye nokunikeza usizo olusheshayo. ezimweni ezinjalo.

Indlela yokusebenzisa isicishamlilo

Yiziphi izinyathelo zokusebenzisa isicishamlilo?

Lapho kugqamuka umlilo, isicisha-mlilo esenziwe ngesandla singelinye lamathuluzi avelele angasetshenziswa ukulawula nokucisha umlilo.
Ukuze usebenzise leli thuluzi ngendlela ephumelelayo nephephile, izinyathelo ezithile kufanele zilandelwe.
Indlela yokudonsa, umgomo, ukukhama, kanye nokushanela (PASS) iyindlela evamile esetshenziswa ukusebenzisa isicishamlilo, futhi ihlanganisa izinyathelo ezine eziyinhloko:

  1. Ihoxisa isiqeshana: Isiqeshana kufanele sikhishwe noma sikhishwe ngaphambi kokuqala ukusebenzisa isicisha-mlilo.
  2. Injongo: Ngemva kokudonsa isiqeshana, umlomo wombhobho wokucima umlilo kufanele uqondiswe ngasezimpandeni zomlilo.
    Kunconywa ukuthi ugxile endaweni yomlilo bese ufafaza ngqo kuwo.
  3. Ukucindezela: Umuntu kufanele acindezele isilinganisi esisebenzayo ukuze akhulule isicishamlilo.
    Lapha umlilo ucishwa ngokuphumelelayo.
  4. Ukushanela: Ngemva kokufaka ingcindezi, umnyakazo wokushanela kufanele ubheke emalangabini acishiwe ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi yonke indawo imboziwe futhi umlilo ucisha ngokuphelele.

Usebenzisa kangaki isicishamlilo?

Izicishamlilo zekhwalithi enhle zidinga ukuhlolwa kwanyanga zonke kanye nokunakekelwa konyaka, ngaphezu kokuhlolwa kwe-hydrostatic njalo eminyakeni eyi-12.
Ngenxa yalezi zinqubo ngezikhathi ezithile, lezi zicisha-mlilo zingasetshenziswa iminyaka engaba ngu-24 noma ngaphezulu.
Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi izicishamlilo zingasetshenziswa izikhathi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa, kodwa kunezinyathelo ezithile eziyisisekelo okufanele zilandelwe.
أولاً، يجب التأكد من ساعة الضغط في الطفاية. ثانياً، يجب تحريك الطفاية بانتظام للتأكد من عدم تكتل مادة الإطفاء.
Mayelana nokuhlolwa kwezicishamlilo, ngokweNational Fire Protection Association (NFPA), kufanele zihlolwe, zihlolwe futhi zimakwe minyaka yonke ngumhloli oqeqeshiwe.
Kodwa-ke, ezinye izikhathi ezidingekayo zokuhlolwa nokuhlola ziyahlukahluka kuye ngohlobo nesigaba sesicishamlilo.
Isibonelo, uma unezicishamlilo eziyimpushana ezomile, iwaranti yazo ivamise ukuba yiminyaka emi-5.
Ukuze kuzuzwe eminye iminyaka emi-5 yokusetshenziswa, kufanele igcwaliswe kabusha futhi kwenziwe amasheke adingekayo.
Uma isicishamlilo singenalo usuku lokuphelelwa yisikhathi, asinaso isikhathi sokuphila esiqondile, kodwa kubalulekile ukuthi sibuyekezwe futhi sihlolwe kusetshenziswa ukuhlolwa kwe-hydrostatic ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi singasebenza ngempumelelo.
Khumbula ukuthi ukuba nesicishamlilo kubalulekile kunoma yiliphi ikhaya, isikole, isibhedlela, ihhovisi nanoma yisiphi isikhungo sikahulumeni noma esizimele lapho abantu bekhona.
Ukuchayeka emlilweni akunakuzitshwa, futhi ukusebenzisa isicisha-mlilo ngendlela efanele kungasiza ekugcineni izimpilo nempahla kuphephile.

Ingabe isicishamlilo sipakishiwe?

Kuyaziwa ukuthi izicishamlilo zinedethi yokukhiqiza neyokuphelelwa yisikhathi ebhalwe ngokucacile ebusweni besilinda.
Kungcono ukungalibali ukuyigcwalisa noma ukuyibuyisela ngemva kokuphelelwa yisikhathi.
Ngokwemvelo, sidinga izinkampani ezikhethekile ekugcwaliseni izicishamlilo ukuze zithathe lesi sinyathelo esibalulekile.
Ngenhlanhla, i-Al Rahma inikeza insizakalo yokugcwalisa isicishamlilo ngamanani aphusile kanye nekhwalithi ephezulu.
Le nkampani inikeza izinsizakalo zayo emadolobheni amaningi ase-United Arab Emirates, kuhlanganise ne-Riyadh.
Abantu abadinga ukuletha nokugcwalisa izicishamlilo kuleli dolobha bangathola isevisi esheshayo nethembekile.
Inkampani ihlose ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zamakhasimende ngendlela engcono kakhulu, futhi iqinisekise ukuphepha kwawo kanye nokuphepha kwempahla yawo.
Siyakubona ukubaluleka kwalawa mathuluzi ekulweni nemililo nasekunciphiseni umonakalo owumphumela.
Uma ufuna inkampani ethembekile ezogcwalisa izicishamlilo e-Riyadh, i-Al Rahma iyisixazululo esilungele wena.
Ihlinzeka ngale sevisi ngamanani aphusile futhi igxile ekunikezeni amazinga aphezulu ekhwalithi.
Ngokusebenzisa isicisha-mlilo esipakishwe kahle esinezikhathi ezifanele zokuphelelwa yisikhathi, ngokuqinisekile singakwazi ukuzuza ukuthula kwengqondo futhi siqiniseke ukuthi sikuhlonyiselwe ukulwa nanoma yimuphi umlilo ongaqubuka.
Ngakho-ke, kufanele sihlale siqaphile futhi siqinisekise ukufaneleka kwezicishamlilo esinazo futhi sizibophezele ekuzigcwaliseni noma ukuzishintsha ngesikhathi esifanele.
Ukuphepha nokuvikeleka yizinto eziza kuqala ekuphileni kwethu nasezimpahleni zethu.

Ingabe isicishamlilo sipakishiwe?

Kufanele uwubhekise kuphi umlomo wokucima umlilo lapho ucisha umlilo?

Ngokuqondisa umbhobho wesicisha-mlilo ezimpandeni zelangabi, amandla okucima umlilo aqondiswe ngqo esisekelweni somlilo.
هذا يساعد في إخماد الحريق بسرعة وفعالية. يُحسن توجيه فوهة الطفاية بالحرص والدقة لضمان تحقيق أقصى قدر من الإطفاء.
Ngaphezu kwalokho, abantu kufanele banamathele eziqondisweni ezithile eziyisisekelo lapho besebenzisa isicishamlilo.
Umuntu kufanele adonse isikulufu sokukhipha futhi akhombe isicisha-mlilo phansi ngaphambi kokucindezela isibambo.
Uma isicishamlilo sohlobo B sikhona futhi sisebenza nesitofu noma umlilo kahhavini, vala isitofu noma ihhavini bese ucindezela izibambo ukuze ucime umlilo.
Ungakhohlwa ukuthatha izinyathelo zokuphepha ezidingekayo lapho uphatha isicishamlilo futhi usigcine sisesimweni esihle ukuze sigcine silungile.
Yiba nanoma yisiphi isicishamlilo esilimele esishintshwe ngokushesha ukuze uqinisekise ukuphepha komphakathi.
Izindlela zokusebenzisa izicishamlilo zingase zihluke kuye ngokuthi hlobo luni lomlilo nendawo ovela kuyo, ngakho abantu kufanele bathole iziqondiso ezinemininingwane zokusebenzisa izicishamlilo ezindaweni zomphakathi nasezindlini.

Yiziphi izinhlobo zemililo?

Umlilo ucekela phansi impahla futhi uyingozi enkulu ekuphileni.
Ukuze uqonde ukuthi ungabhekana kanjani nazo, kufanele wazi izinhlobo ezahlukene zemililo nokuthi ungayicisha kanjani.
Imililo ihlukaniswe yaba izinhlobo ezinhlanu ngokohlelo lwaseMelika. Lezi zinhlobo zihlanganisa:

Imililo yohlobo A: Iqala ezintweni eziqinile ezivuthayo njengokhuni, amaqabunga, irabha, nepulasitiki.
Icinywa ngokusebenzisa amanzi njengesici sokucisha.

Imililo yohlobo B: ivela ezintweni eziwuketshezi ezivuthayo njengamafutha nophethiloli.
Zicinywa kusetshenziswa igwebu, i-carbon dioxide kanye nezicishamlilo eziyimpuphu.
Imililo yohlobo C: ihlanganisa amagesi avuthayo njenge-propane negesi yemvelo.
Zelashwa kusetshenziswa izicisha-mlilo ezizinikele.

Imililo yohlobo D: Ihlanganisa izinsimbi ezivuthayo ezifana ne-aluminium ne-magnesium.
Icinywa kusetshenziswa i-ejenti yokucisha ekhethekile yezinsimbi.

Imililo yohlobo K: ivela ezintweni zikagesi nasezintanjeni zikagesi.
Amandla kufanele anqanyulwe futhi kusetshenziswe izinto zokucisha ezingezona ezi-conductive.
Uhlobo ngalunye lomlilo lunendlela ethile yokuwucisha. Ngokwesibonelo, isicisha-mlilo samanzi kufanele sisetshenziselwe ukucisha imililo yoHlobo A, kuyilapho izicisha-mlilo eziyigwebu ne-carbon dioxide zingasetshenziswa ukuze kucishwe imililo yohlobo B.

Yiziphi izinhlobo zemililo?

Yiziphi izici zikanxantathu womlilo?

Unxantathu womlilo uwumfanekiso wezingxenye ezintathu eziyisisekelo ezidingekayo ukuqala umlilo futhi uhlale uvutha.
Lezi zingxenye zihlanganisa ukushisa, uphethiloli nomoya-mpilo.

Ukushisa kuyisici sokuqala kunxantathu womlilo, futhi kunesibopho sokukhuphula izinga lokushisa lezinto ezivuthayo libe sezingeni elibangela ukuba zithungele.
Ukushisa kungavela emithonjeni ehlukahlukene njengelanga, ukukhanya kwelanga, noma izinto zokushisisa.
Ngokuqondene nophethiloli, libhekisela ezintweni ezivuthayo, ezimelela isici sesibili kunxantathu womlilo.
Isibaseli singase sibe uhlobo lwezinto eziqinile njengokhuni namaqabunga, uketshezi olufana nokubasa namafutha, noma ngisho namagesi afana negesi yemvelo.
Amafutha ahlinzekwa ngemithombo ehlukahlukene endaweni ezungezile.
Ngokuqondene ne-oxygen, kubhekwa njengento yesithathu kunxantathu womlilo, okuvumela inqubo yokuvutha ukuba yenzeke.
I-oxygen etholakala emkhathini ingena ekuphenduleni komlilo ukuze isekele futhi isheshise inqubo yokuvutha.
Uma ukugcwala komoyampilo odingekayo kweqa umkhawulo, kungase kwandise amandla nokusabela komlilo.
Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi ngaphandle kokuba khona kwesinye salezi zakhi ezintathu (ukushisa, uphethiloli, umoya-mpilo) inqubo yomlilo ayikwazi ukwenzeka.
Ngakho-ke, kunconywa ukuthi usebenzise ukuqapha lapho usebenza nomlilo futhi ugweme noma yikuphi ukukhwabanisa okungaphephile kwalezi zakhi.
Ekugcineni, ukuqonda unxantathu womlilo kanye nezakhi zawo ezintathu kusiza ukuthuthukisa ukuqwashisa ngezimbangela zomlilo nokuvinjelwa kanye nokuhlela impendulo esheshayo nephumelelayo uma izimo zomlilo zenzeka.

Ingabe amanzi andisa umlilo?

Uma kukhulunywa ngemililo ebangelwa uketshezi oluvuthayo olunjengophethiloli, igesi, namafutha, ngokuvamile kutuswa ukuthi ungasebenzisi amanzi ukuze ucime umlilo.
Lokhu kuyaxwayiswa ngoba ngisho namaconsi ambalwa amanzi angabhebhethekisa umlilo kunokuwucisha.
Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi amanzi akhiwa umoya-mpilo ne-hydrogen, okuwumthombo womoya-mpilo odingekayo ukuze umlilo uvuthe.
Nakuba amanzi engaba yingozi uma ecisha imililo ewuketshezi evuthayo, ayindlela ephumelelayo yokucisha eminye imililo.
Lokhu kungenxa yezindawo zokupholisa nokuminyanisa amanzi anazo uma ecisha umlilo.
Mayelana nomphumela wokupholisa, amanzi abamba ukushisa ngesikhathi sokuhwamuka, akwenze akwazi ukupholisa izinto ezivuthayo futhi ehlise izinga lokushisa ngaphansi kwendawo yokuthungela.
Ngakho, amanzi akhipha amandla ashisayo endaweni yomlilo, abangele ukuba aphole kuze kucishwe umlilo.
Ngokuqondene nokuqunjelwa, lapho amanzi esetshenziswa ukucima umlilo, azungeza umlilo ngongqimba lomhwamuko, ovimba umoya-mpilo ukuba ungangeni futhi uwuvimbele ekuthungeleleni izinto ezivuthayo ezizungeze umlilo.
Ngakho, amanzi angaba ithuluzi eliphumelelayo lokucisha umlilo.

Nokho, kumelwe siqaphele lapho sibhekana nemililo futhi sikhetha indlela engcono kakhulu yokuwucisha.
Kungase kube nengozi yokusebenzisa amanzi uma kwenzeka kuba nomlilo obangelwa ukushiswa koketshezi oluvuthayo.

Siyini isicisha-mlilo esisetshenziswa ukucisha imililo kagesi?

Imililo kagesi ibhekwa njengenye yezinhlobo zomlilo eziyingozi kakhulu okufanele kubhekwane nazo ngokuqapha okukhulu.
Ukucima lolu hlobo lomlilo, izicishamlilo ezithile zisetshenziselwa ukuqinisekisa ukusebenza kahle kokucisha nokuphepha kwabantu.
Kunezinhlobo eziningana zezicishamlilo ezisetshenziselwa ukucisha imililo kagesi, okuhlanganisa:

1- Isicishamlilo se-halon: Sithathwa njengesicisha umlilo esisetshenziswa ngokujwayelekile futhi sisebenzela ukucisha imililo ngokushesha nangempumelelo.
Lezi zicishamlilo zine-halon, esiza ukucisha umlilo.

2- Isicishamlilo se-Carbon dioxide: Isicishamlilo esine-carbon dioxide sibhekwa njengenye yezinhlobo zezicishamlilo ezisebenza kahle kakhulu ekucimeni imililo kagesi.
Lesi sicishamlilo siqukethe igesi ye-carbon dioxide ehlanzekile ecisha umlilo ngokushesha futhi ingashiyi nsalela.

3- Isicisha-mlilo samanzi ayigwebu: sisetshenziselwa ukucisha uwoyela, uphethiloli, amafutha kanye nokudaya imililo.
Lesi sicisha-mlilo siqukethe ingxube yamanzi nezinto eziphilayo ezikhiqiza igwebu elisiza ukuhlukanisa ingxenye engaphezulu yento nomoya-mpilo ngaleyo ndlela ucime umlilo.

4- Isicisha-mlilo esiyimpuphu esiyikhemikhali: Sisetshenziselwa ukucisha izinhlobo eziningi zomlilo, futhi siyisicisha-mlilo esingcono kakhulu sokucisha imililo yezinto zikagesi.
Lesi sicishamlilo siqukethe impushana yamakhemikhali evimbela ukubhebhetheka komlilo futhi ikhiphe umoya-mpilo elangabini.
Lapho usebenza nomlilo kagesi, kufanele ukhethe isicisha-mlilo esifanele salolu hlobo lomlilo.
Imililo kagesi ihlukaniswa njengemililo yeSigaba C, futhi idinga izinyathelo ezikhethekile zokuyicisha.
Ngokuvamile, izicisha-mlilo zasendlini ziyizicishamlilo ezinezinhloso eziningi ezisetshenziselwa ukucisha imililo ye-Class C.
Ngokuvamile, izicisha-mlilo eziyimpuphu yizona eziphumelela kakhulu ekucimeni imililo kagesi.
Iyakwazi ukucisha umlilo ngokuphumelelayo futhi isuse umoya-mpilo elangabini, okwenza kube yisinqumo esingcono kakhulu.
Ungakhohlwa ukuthi zonke izicishamlilo zineziqondiso zazo okufanele zisetshenziswe, ngakho-ke kungcono ukufunda futhi ulandele lezi ziqondiso ngokucophelela lapho uzisebenzisa ukucima umlilo kagesi, futhi ugweme izingozi zikagesi ukuze ugweme noma yikuphi ukulimala.

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi isicishamlilo asinalutho?

Nazi ezinye izindlela ezingasetshenziswa ukuhlola ukuthi isicisha-mlilo sigcwele yini:

  1. Ukuhlola isisindo: Ngemva kokuqinisekisa isisindo sesicisha-mlilo esiphelele, ungakwazi ukukala isisindo somzimba wesicisha-mlilo ukuze uhlole ukuthi asinalutho noma cha.
    Uma inesisindo esingaphansi kwesisindo sokuqala, ingase ingabi nalutho futhi idinga ukugcwaliswa kabusha.
  2. Ukuqapha inkomba: Kunenkomba kusicisha-mlilo ekhombisa izinga legesi kuso.
    Inkomba kufanele ibe sendaweni eluhlaza ukukhombisa ukuthi isicisha-mlilo sishajwe ngegesi futhi silungele ukusetshenziswa.
    Uma inkomba ikwenye indawo, lokhu kungase kube inkomba yokuthi isicisha-mlilo asinalutho.
  3. Ukuhlola ngezikhathi ezithile: Izicisha-mlilo ezenziwa ngesandla zidinga ukuhlolwa nokuhlolwa ngezikhathi ezithile ngokuhambisana nemiyalelo yomenzi kanye nezimo ezijwayelekile.
    Kunconywa ukwenza isheke lanyanga zonke ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi kukhona ukucindezela okuphelele kusicisha-mlilo.
    Uma kukhona izinkinga noma ukukhathazeka mayelana nengcindezi noma ukusetshenziswa, thintana nochwepheshe.
  4. Iwashi langaphakathi: Izicishamlilo ziqukethe iwashi langaphakathi elikala ukucindezela kwangaphakathi kwesilinda.
    Leli washi lingasetshenziswa ukuhlola ukulungela kwe-cylinder ukusetshenziswa.
    Uma iwashi libonisa ukucindezela okwanele, isicisha-mlilo sesilungele ukusetshenziswa.
    Uma iwashi lingabonisiwe noma libonisa ukucindezela okuphansi, lokhu kungase kube ubufakazi bokuthi isicishamlilo asinalutho.

Kuyadingeka ukunaka ukugcinwa nokuhlolwa kwezicishamlilo ngezikhathi ezithile ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukulungela nokuphepha kwazo uma kwenzeka kunesidingo sokuzisebenzisa.
Kunconywa ukuthi kube nezinqubo ezijwayelekile zokuhlola nokuqapha isimo sezinto zokucima umlilo ezikhungweni ukuze kugwenywe noma yiziphi izimanga uma kwenzeka isimo esiphuthumayo.
Isicishamlilo siyithuluzi elibalulekile lokulawula umlilo, ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukuthi kwandiswe ukuqwashisa komphakathi ngokubaluleka kokuhlolwa njalo nokushintshwa ngendlela efanele kwezicishamlilo ezisetshenzisiwe.
Ngokulandela imiyalelo efanele yokulungisa kanye neziqondiso ezifanele, ungaqinisekisa ukuthi izicisha-mlilo zilungile futhi wengeze ukuphepha nokuvikeleka endaweni.

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi isicishamlilo asinalutho?

Ngazi kanjani uhlobo lwesicishamlilo?

Izicisha-mlilo zingahlukaniswa zibe izinhlobo ezinhlanu eziyinhloko: izicisha-mlilo zamanzi, izicisha-mlilo eziyigwebu, izicisha-mlilo eziyimpushana ezomile, izicisha-mlilo ezine-carbon dioxide (CO2) izicisha-mlilo nezifutho zamanzi.

  • Izicisha-mlilo zamanzi:
    Izicisha-mlilo zamanzi ziwuhlobo oluvame kakhulu lwesicisha-mlilo, lapho izingxenye ezimbili kwezintathu zesilinda zigcwele amanzi futhi umoya ovamile usetshenziswa njengegesi yokucindezela kwangaphakathi.
    Ukuze uhlole ukuthi isicishamlilo sesikulungele yini ukusebenza, kufanele uqinisekise ukuthi inkomba ivezwe endaweni eluhlaza.
  • Izicisha-mlilo ezinegwebu:
    Izicisha-mlilo ezinegwebu zisebenzisa igwebu elikhethekile ukubhekana nemililo, futhi zisetshenziswa kakhulu ezimbonini nasezikhungweni zentengiso.
    Izicisha-mlilo ezinegwebu kufanele zisetshenziselwe ukucisha umlilo ovela ezintweni ezivuthayo kuwoyela, amafutha nolunye uketshezi.
    Ukuze uhlole ukuthi isicishamlilo se-foam sikulungele yini ukusebenza, kufanele uqinisekise ukuthi inkomba iboniswa endaweni ebomvu.
  • Izicishamlilo eziwumpuphu owomile:
    Izicisha-mlilo eziyimpuphu eyomile zisebenzisa impushana eyikhemikhali ukuze zicime umlilo futhi ziyasebenza ekulawuleni imililo ngezinto ezihlukahlukene, kuhlanganise nemililo kagesi.
    Kunezinhlobo ezimbili ezivamile zezicisha-mlilo ezomile: i-ABE ne-BE.
    Uhlobo lwe-ABE lwaziwa ikakhulukazi ngokuthi “isicishamlilo esiyimpuphu yamakhemikhali”.

Ingakanani ibanga eliphephile lapho ucisha umlilo?

I-American National Fire Protection Association ithe kuyadingeka ukunamathela kwezinye izimfuneko zokuphepha lapho kuliwa nemililo.
Phakathi kwalezi zidingo kubalula amabanga aphephile okufanele alandelwe ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuphepha kwezicishamlilo nokugwema ukwanda komlilo.
Ukucisha umlilo kufanele kuqalwe ukusuka ebangeni eliphephile lamamitha ama-2 kuye kwangama-3.
Lokhu kuvumela abalwayo ukuthi bahambe ngokukhululeka futhi bagweme ukuchayeka ngokuqondile emlilweni ovuthayo.
Uma kuqubuka umlilo ezindaweni ezivulekile, izicishamlilo kufanele zilwe nomlilo zikude ukuze zigweme ukuchayeka engozini.
Uma kusetshenziswa isicishamlilo esiyimpuphu, impushana kufanele ifuthwe ngaphambi kokuvula ibhodlela legesi langaphakathi.
Ukuqondisa okuhlosiwe kuyingxenye ebalulekile yenqubo yokucisha umlilo. Izicishamlilo kufanele zime endaweni ephephile kanye nebanga eliphephile ukusuka emlilweni, bese ziqondisa umlomo wokucima umlilo ngasemsuka womlilo, ukuze ziqinisekise ukuthi indawo yokuthungela umlilo iyashabalala.
Ngaphezu kwalokho, ama-fighters kumele aqhele emlilweni ebangeni elingamamitha ama-3 kuye kwayi-5 futhi aqale ukulwa nawo.
Lokhu kubenza bakwazi ukulawula umlilo ngempumelelo ngaphandle kokuchayeka engozini.
Ngaphezu kwalokho, ama-alamu nezinto zokucisha umlilo kufanele zihlinzekwe futhi zigcinwe ngaphakathi kwezakhiwo.
Lokhu kudinga ukuthi yonke imizila eya ezintweni ezicisha umlilo igcinwe ingenazihibe ngaso sonke isikhathi, nokuthi zonke izindawo zokwakha zivulekele izinto zokusebenza kanye nokungena kwezimoto.
Futhi, kunezinye izidingo zokuphepha okufanele zilandelwe, njengokuthi ububanzi beminyango yokuphuma ezimweni eziphuthumayo abukho ngaphansi kuka-80 cm, futhi ububanzi bemigudu abukho ngaphansi kwamamitha angu-1.1.

Shiya amazwana

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